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A BRIEF HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE FREE SOIL
QUESTION IN THE UNITED STATES, FROM
THE CONGRESSES OF 1774 AND '87

TO THE PRESENT TIME.

BY 0. C. GARDINER.
(LATE ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRATIC REVIEW.]

&

NEW-YORK:
WM. C. BRYANT & CO., 18 NASSAU-STREET.
BOSTON: B. B. MUSSEY & CO., 29 CORNHILL.

Zapoi
U.S.5119,8

185ý. Upr. do.
Gift of Hon. Sehen Ar Ding,

of New York till

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848,

BY W. C. BRYANT & CO.,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New-York.

PREFATORY NOTE.

It is the aim of the following pages to show that two moral questions of great and vital importance are connected with this Presidential contest. With respect to these, a solemn duty is imposed upon every voter. To neglect or evade it would be a criminal abuse of a most sacred right. To shed light upon this duty four classes of facts are presented. The duty is rather suggested than argued, as an obligation, which, from the nature of these facts, inevitably follows. The old party issues are for the most part settled. A new one has arisen, appealing to new and higher motives than the old. It takes direct hold on the purity, if not the very existence, of our civil and religious freedom as a nation; it infinitely transcends them all. In the light then, first, of the late events in Europe, which have so deeply stirred our national sympathy; secondly, of the peculiar facts of our position as a model republic to all nations; thirdly, of the solemn and heartstirring facts connected with the legislation of the fathers and founders of this republic; and fourthly, of the bold and open fraud, the violent assumptions, connected with the late party contests of our country—in the converging and focal light of all these events, our imperative duty is suggested.

In the latter class of facts will be found an account of the late division in the Democratic party of this State, the origin of the terms by which the two parties are designated, and an authentic history of the five conventions by which the great Free Soil party of the North has been brought into existence. Several important papers and speeches have been omitted, because of the extent of space they would occupy. Among these are the very able address of the Democratic members of the Legislature, and a clear and searching speech of B. F. Butler, Esq., of N. Y., exposing the Compromise Bill of Mr. Clayton—the speech of an able and faithful officer of the Government, who knew his duty and feared not to do it-of one who could receive with entire calmness the shock of executive

vengeance in his removal from office, as a grateful reward for his eminent talents and influence in elevating that Executive to the high office he now enjoys.

7374247 U.S. 51198

Lipt of Hon. I linato Dix,

1859. vir. So.
of tew York A.4-

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848,

BY W. C. BRYANT & CO.,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New-Yo.

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