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righteousness, &c. Besides, by this a man may learn what it is to repent, to believe, to pray, to suffer, or the like: by this also a man may learn what are the great promises and consolations of the gospel, to his own comfort. Further, by this a man may learn to refute false opinions, to vindicate the truth, and also to instruct the ignorant.*

Faith. All this is true; and glad am I to hear these things from you.

Talk. Alas! the want of this is the cause that so few understand the need of faith, and the necessity of a work of grace in their soul, in order to eternal life; but ignorantly live in the works of the law, by which a man can by no means obtain the kingdom of heaven.

Faith. But, by your leave, heavenly knowledge of these is the gift of God; no man attaineth to them by human industry, or only by the talk of them.

Talk. All that I know very well; for a man can receive nothing, except it be given him . from heaven: all is of grace, not of works. ATINE I could give you a hundred scriptures for the confirmation of this.

Faith. Well, then, said Faithful, what is that one thing that we shall at this time found our discourse



upon ?

Talk. What you will : I will talk of things heavenly, or things earthly; things moral, or things evangelical ; things sacred, or things pro


* Is not here the very standard of orthodoxy ? Hence observe, a mere professor may learn, like a parrot, to talk of sound doctrines, and he may have a sound judgment about them; while his heart is rotten, as to any experience of them, love to them, and the power and influence of them upon his affections and his life. Many own Christ for their master now, whom he will condemn hereafter as their judge.



fane; things past, or things to come; things foreign, or things at home; things more essential, or things circumstantial, provided that all be done to our profit.

Faith. Now did Faithful begin to wonder; and stepTAITEPUL BEGUIL- ping to Christian, (for he walked all this

ATIVE while by himself, he said to him, but softly, What a brave companion have we got! Surely this man will make a very excellent pilgrim.

Chr. At this Christian modestly smiled, and said, CHRISTIAN MAKES This man, with whom you are so taken, 1ALKATIVE, TELL- will beguile with this tongue of his, twenty

of them that know him not. Faith. Do you know him, then ? Car. Know him! Yes, better than he knows himself. Faith. Pray what is he?

Chr. His name is Talkative: he dwelleth in our town. I wonder that you should be a stranger to him ; only I consider that our town is large.

Faith. Whose son is he? and whereabout doth he dwell ?

Chr. He is the son of one Say-well, he dwelt in Prating-row; and he is known to all that are acquainted with him by the name of Talkative, of Prating-row; aud, notwithstanding his fine tongue, he is but a sorry fellow.*

Faith. Well, he seems to be a very pretty man.

Chr. That is, to them that have not a thorough acquaintance with him, for he is best abroad; near home



* Are we not forbid to speak evil of any man ? Titus ii. 2. Is not Christian guilty of this ? No, for where the glory of God and the honour of the gospel is at stake, and there is danger of a brother's being deceived by a mere talkative, loose, wicked professor, here it is right, and the nature of things require it, that we should detect and expose such in a becoming spirit.


he is ugly enough. Your saying that he is a pretty man, brings to my mind what I have observed in the work of the painter, whose pictures show best at a distance; but very near, more unpleasing.

Faith. But I am ready to think you do but jest, because you smiled.

Chr. God forbid that I should jest (though I smiled) in this matter, or that I should accuse any falsely. I will give you a further discovery of him. This man is for any company, and for any talk; as he talketh now with you, so will he talk when he is on the alebench; and the more drink he hath in his crown, the more of these things he hath in his mouth. Religion hath no place in his heart, or house, or conversation ; all he hath lieth in his tongue, and his religion is to make a noise therewith.*

Faith. Say you so ? Then am I in this man greatly deceived.

Chr. Deceived ! you may be sure of it. Remember the proverb, “ They say, and do not :” but TALKAT the kingdom of God is not in word, but *** in power. He talketh of prayer, of repentance, of faith, and of the new birth ; but he knows but only to talk of them. I have been in his family, and have observed him both at home and abroad; and I know what I say of him is the truth. His house HIS HOUSE is is as empty of religion as the white of an Gion. egg is of savour. There is there neither prayer, nor



& Matt. xxiii. 3. 1 Cor. iv. 20.

* Such professors there are now, as there always were. The most blessed cause is wounded by them, and the most glorious truths are brought into contempt through them. There is more hurt to be got by them, than from the utterly ignorant and openly profane. Shun and avoid such.




sign of repentance for sin ; yea, the brute, in his kind, HE IS A STAIN to serves God far better than he. He is the

very stain, reproach, and shame of religion to all that know him ;" it can hardly have a good word in all that end of the town where he dwells, through

PERA THAT him. Thus say the common people that GOES OF HIM. know him, “A saint abroad, and a devil at home.” His poor family finds it so; he is such a churl, such a railer at, and so unreasonable with his servants, that they neither know how to do for, or to speak to him. Men that have any dealings with him MEX SAUN TO DEAL say, It is better to deal with a Turk than

with him, for fairer dealings they shall have at their hands. This Talkative (if it be possible) will go beyond them, defraud, beguile, and overreach them. Besides, he brings up his sons to follow his steps; and if he finds in any of them a foolish timorousness, (for so he calls the first appearance of a tender conscience,) he calls them fools and blockheads, and by no means will employ them in much, or speak to their commendation before others. For my part, I am of opinion, that he has, by his wicked life, caused many to stumble and fall; and will be, if God prevents not, the ruin of many more. *



h Rom. ii. 23, 24.

* Read this and tremble, ye whose profession lies only on your tongue, but who never knew the love and grace of Christ in your souls. O how do you trifle with the grace of God, with precious Christ, and with the holy word of truth! O what an awful account have you to give hereafter to a holy, heart-searching God! Ye true pilgrims of Jesus, read this, and give glory to your Lord, for saving you from resting in barren notions, and taking up with talking of truths; and that he has given you to know the truth in its power, to embrace it in your heart, and to live and walk under its constraining, sanctifying influence. Who made you to differ ?

Faith. Well, my brother, I am bound to believe you, not only because you say you know him, but also because, like a Christian, you make your reports of men. For I cannot think that you speak these things of illwill, but because it is even so as you say.

Chr. Had I known him no more than you, I might, perhaps, have thought of him as at the first you did ; yea, had I received this report at their hands only that are enemies to religion, I should have thought it had been a slander,-a lot that often falls from bad men's mouths upon good men's names and professions. But all these things, yea, and a great many more as bad, of my own knowledge, I can prove him guilty of. Besides, good men are ashamed of him ; they can neither call him brother nor friend; the very naming of him among them makes them blush, if they know him.

Faith. Well, I see that saying and doing are two things, and hereafter I shall better observe this distinction.

Chr. They are two things indeed, and are as diverse as are the soul and the body; for, as the body without the soul is but a dead carcase, so saying, THE CARCASE OF if it be alone, is but a dead carcase also. BEL The soul of religion is the practical part : "pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father, is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world." This, Talkative is not aware of; he thinks that hearing and saying will make a good Christian ; and thus he deceiveth his own soul. Hearing is but as the sowing of the seed; talking is not sufficient to prove that fruit is indeed in the heart and life. And let us assure ourselves, that at the day of doom, men shall be judged according to their fruit."


i James i. 22—27

k Matt. xiii. 23.

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