The Syntax of Russian
Cambridge University Press, 2012 - 373 halaman
The study of Russian is of great importance to syntactic theory, due in particular to its unusual case system and its complex word order patterns. This book provides an essential guide to Russian syntax and examines the major syntactic structures of the language. It begins with an overview of verbal and nominal constituents, followed by major clause types, including null-copular and impersonal sentences, WH-questions and their distribution, and relative and subordinate clauses. The syntax behind the rich Russian morphological case system is then described in detail, with focus on both the fairly standard instances of Nominative, Accusative and Dative case as well as the important language-specific uses of the Genitive and Instrumental cases. The book goes on to analyze the syntax of 'free' word order for which Russian is famous. It will be of interest to researchers and students of syntactic theory, of Slavic linguistics and of language typology.
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Accusative Theme adjectives adjunct Adnominal Genitive adverbials Alexandra anaphor appear approach argued AspP assigned assume Babby Bailyn basic Boris c-command Chapter čitaet complement constituent constructions čto čtoby dat-exp Dative Dative Goal derivation deti direct object discourse discussion distinct domain Dyakonova element ellipsis embedded English examples fact feature Focus Rule functional category gen-neg given grammatical head noun instances internal arguments intonation involved Ivan Ivan-nom kind knigi knigu kogo languages lexical main clause Masha modifiers morphological movement neutral Nominative NP/DP Ø-Theme optional overt Pereltsvaig pesni Phrasal phrase pojut position possible Pred0 predicate PredP pronoun Quantificational question reading Rheme Russian Saša Saše Sasha Sasha-nom Scrambling selection semantic sentence shown Slavic languages small clauses songs Sonya Spec SpecV spy who loves surface syntactic syntax tense thematic role Theme–Rheme Topic verb verbal videl VP/vP Wh-movement Wh-phrase Wh-questions word order