The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-Arabi's Metaphysics of Imagination

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SUNY Press, 1 Jun 1989 - 478 halaman
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Ibn al-'Arabi is still known as "the Great Sheik" among the surviving Sufi orders. Born in Muslim Spain, he has become famous in the West as the greatest mystical thinker of Islamic civilization. He was a great philosopher, theologian, and poet.

William Chittick takes a major step toward exposing the breadth and depth of Ibn al-'Arabi's vision. The book offers his view of spiritual perfection and explains his theology, ontology, epistemology, hermeneutics, and soteriology. The clear language, unencumbered by methodological jargon, makes it accessible to those familiar with other spiritual traditions, while its scholarly precision will appeal to specialists.

Beginning with a survey of Ibn al-'Arabi's major teachings, the book gradually introduces the most important facets of his thought, devoting attention to definitions of his basic terminology. His teachings are illustrated with many translated passages introducing readers to fascinating byways of spiritual life that would not ordinarily be encountered in an account of a thinker's ideas. Ibn al-'Arabi is allowed to describe in detail the visionary world from which his knowledge derives and to express his teachings in his own words.

More than 600 passages from his major work, al-Futuhat al-Makkivva, are translated here, practically for the first time. These alone provide twice the text of the Fusus al-hikam. The exhaustive indexes make the work an invaluable reference tool for research in Sufism and Islamic thought in general.
 

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1 The Divine Presence
3
Worlds and Presences
4
Being and Nonexistence
6
The Divine Attributes
8
The Divine Acts
11
The Macrocosm
12
The Microcosm
16
Cosmic Dynamics
18
Following Authority
166
Unveiling
168
11 The Scale of the Law
170
The Scale
172
Wisdom and Courtesy
174
The Scale of Reason
179
Affirming Similarity
181
Reactions to the Revelation of Similarity
186

The Return to God
19
Assuming the Traits of God
21
Theomorphic Ethics
22
The Scale of the Law
26
Seeing Things as They Are
28
Human Perfection
30
Theology
31
2 The Names of God
33
The Names of the Names
34
Relationships
35
Properties and Effects
39
The Names of Engendered Existence
41
Secondary Causes
44
3 The Divine Roots of Heirarchy and Conflict
47
Ranking in Degrees
51
The Names Personified
52
The Divine Conflict
54
The Unity of the Essence
56
Names of Incomparability and Names of Acts
58
4 The Essence and the Divinity
59
The Unknowability of the Essence
62
The Independence of the Essence
64
The Name Allah
66
The Disputes of the Angels
67
Incomparability and Similarity
68
Incomparability
70
Similarity
72
Combining Incompatibility and Similarity
73
Ontology
77
5 Existence and Nonexistence
79
Wujud and Mawjūd
80
Possible Things
81
Entities
83
Things
88
Loci of Manifestation
89
SelfDisclosure and Receptivity
91
Oneness of Being and Effects of the Names
94
6 The New Creation
96
Perpetual Renewal
97
Divine Tasks
98
Breaking Habits
99
NeverRepeating SelfDisclosures
103
Boredom
105
The Heart
106
Nondelimitation
109
7 Cosmic Imagination
112
HeNot He
113
Imagination
115
Dreams
118
The Manifestation of the Impossible
121
8 The Supreme Barzakh
125
The Breath of the Allmerciful
127
Relief Through Mercy
130
The Real Through Whom Creation Takes Place
132
The Universal Reality
134
Nature
139
Epistemology
145
9 Knowledge nd the Knower
147
The Usefulness of Knowledoe
149
Limits to Knowledge
153
The Infinity of Knowledge
156
10 Acquiring Knowledge
159
Reflection
162
Consideration
165
Hermeneutics
191
12 Faith and Rational Interpretation
193
Interpretation
199
The Rational Thinkers
202
Acts of God and Acts of Man
205
13 Knowing Gods SelfDisclosure
212
The Lights of SelfDisclosure
216
Naming the Perception of Light
220
Witnessing and Vision
225
Perceiving the Veil
229
14 UNDERSTANDING THE KORAN
231
The Goal of Rational Inquiry
232
Reason versus Unveiling
235
The Character of Muhammad
239
The Context of the Koran
242
The Commentary of the Folk of Allah
244
Commentary by Allusion
246
Knowledoe of Hadith
250
Soteriology
253
15 Weighing SelfDiclosure
255
Knowledge and Practice
256
The Inviolability of the Law
258
Spiritual States
263
Spiritual Mastery
270
16 Names and Stations
274
The Divine Form
275
The Stations of the Path
278
Assuming the Character Traits of Cod
283
Noble and Base Character Traits
286
17 Pitfalls of the Path
289
Good and Evil
290
The Two Commands
291
The Perfection of Imperfection
294
Gods Conclusive Argument
297
The Straight Path
301
Nobility of Character
304
18 Safety in Servanthood
309
The Servants Worship of his Lord
310
The Perils of Lordship
312
The Exaltation of Lowliness
317
The Perfect Servant
321
Worship Through Free Will Offerings
325
Obligations and Supererogations
329
Consummation
333
19 Transcending the Gods of Belief
335
The Roots of Belief
336
Worshiping God and Self
341
Knowing Self
344
Paths of Belief
346
Belief and the Law
349
The Belief of the Gnostic
352
Beatific Vision
354
2 0 Seeing with Two Eyes
356
Duality and the Signs of Unity
358
The Possessor of Two Eyes
361
Being With Cod Wherever You Are
364
Two Perfections
366
Serving the Divine Names
369
The People of Blame
372
The Station of No Station
375
Notes
382
Bibliography
414
Indexes
419
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William Chittick is a Professor of Religious Studies at State University of New York, Stony Brook. He is author of The Sufi Path of Love: The Spiritual Teachings of Rumi and nine other books.

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