The Open Society and Its Enemies

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Princeton University Press, 21 Apr 2013 - 755 halaman
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One of the most important books of the twentieth century, Karl Popper's The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual origins of totalitarianism. Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin. He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and he settled in England in 1949. Before the annexation, Popper had written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until the end of the Second World War he focused his energies on political philosophy, seeking to diagnose the intellectual origins of German and Soviet totalitarianism. The Open Society and Its Enemies was the result.

An immediate sensation when it was first published in two volumes in 1945, Popper's monumental achievement has attained legendary status on both the Left and Right and is credited with inspiring anticommunist dissidents during the Cold War. Arguing that the spirit of free, critical inquiry that governs scientific investigation should also apply to politics, Popper traces the roots of an opposite, authoritarian tendency to a tradition represented by Plato, Marx, and Hegel.

In a substantial new introduction written for this edition, acclaimed political philosopher Alan Ryan puts Popper's landmark work in biographical, intellectual, and historical context. Also included is a personal essay by eminent art historian E. H. Gombrich, in which he recounts the story of the book's eventual publication despite numerous rejections and wartime deprivations.

 

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Isi

Historicism and the Myth of Destiny
7
Platos Theory of Forms or Ideas
17
Change and Rest
35
Nature and Convention
55
Platos Political Programme
81
Totalitarian Justice
83
The Principle of Leadership
114
The Philosopher King
130
The Autonomy of Sociology
301
Economic Historicism
311
The Classes
321
The Legal and the Social System
327
Marxs Prophecy
343
The Coming of Socialism
345
The Social Revolution
355
Capitalism and Its Fate
373

Aestheticism Perfectionism Utopianism
147
The Background of Platos Attack
159
The Open Society and Its Enemies
161
Addenda 1957 1961 1965
190
THE HIGH TIDE OF PROPHECY
213
The Rise of Oracular Philosophy
217
The Aristotelian Roots of Hegelianism
219
Hegel and the New Tribalism
242
Marxs Method
291
Marxs Sociological Determinism
293
An Evaluation of the Prophecy
397
Marxs Ethics
403
The Moral Theory of Historicism
405
The Sociology of Knowledge
419
Has History Any Meaning?
465
Addenda 1961 1965
485
NOTES
512
NOTES TO VOLUME II
640
INDEX
735
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Tentang pengarang (2013)

Karl Popper (1902-1994) was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His books include The Logic of Scientific Discovery, The Poverty of Historicism, Conjectures and Refutations, and an autobiography, Unended Quest. He was a professor at the London School of Economics.

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