Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English
CUP Archive, 8 Apr 1976 - 390 halaman
This book was first published in 1969. Its author, David Crystal OBE, has since written some of the most important books on language and linguistics, including the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (1987) and the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (1995, 2003). Here, he provides the reader with a thorough and fascinating analysis of the patterns of intonation and prosody found within the English language. Crystal begins by contextualising his work on prosody within existing studies, before going on to discuss voice quality and sound attributes in prosodic systems. There are also comprehensive studies of the grammar, semantics and intonation of the spoken English language. This book provides a useful theoretical base for the study of language, prosody and intonation, and will be enjoyed by all with an interest in linguistics and speech patterns in general, and in the academic works of David Crystal more specifically.
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Some preliminary considerations
Past work on prosodic features
Voicequality and sound attributes in prosodic study
The prosodic features of English
The intonation system of English
The grammar of intonation
accent acoustic allegro allophones analysis approach articulation attitudinal auditory Catford cent chapter characteristics co-occurrence communication complex compound tones context contours correlates defined definition degree discussion distinction distinguish emotional English intonation example fact falling falsetto frequency function fundamental frequency glide glissando grammatical head important intonation intonation patterns kinesics labels language level tone lexical linguistic contrasts loudness meaning metrists morphemic non-segmental norm normal notation nuclear tone nucleus occur paralanguage paralinguistic features parameters pause phenomena Phon phonetic phonological pitch accent pitch movement pitch-level prehead prominence prosodic and paralinguistic prosodic features prosodic systems Psychol question Quirk range reference relatively relevant rhythmic rising scholars segmental semantic sentence sequence significant sound speaker specific stress subordination suprasegmental syllables tempo tendency theoretical theory timbre tion tonal tone-groups tone-unit tonicity Trager transcription types unstressed syllables utterance variables variations vocal effects voice voice types voice-quality words