Political Recruitment: Gender, Race and Class in the British Parliament

Sampul Depan
Cambridge University Press, 1995 - 320 halaman
In this compelling book Pippa Norris and Joni Lovenduski provide the first full account of legislative recruitment in Britain for twenty-five years. Their central concern is how and why some politicians succeed in moving into the highest offices of state, while others fail. The book examines the relative dearth of women, black and working-class Members of Parliament, and whether the evident social bias in the British political Úlite matters for political representation. Legislative recruitment concerns the critical step from lower levels (activists, local counsellors) to a parliamentary career. The authors draw evidence from the first systematic surveys of parliamentary candidates, Members of Parliament and party selectors, as well as detailed personal interviews. The study explores how and why people become politicians, and the consequences for parties, legislatures and representative government.

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Puzzles in political recruitment
1
Who selects and how?
19
The structure of political recruitment
21
Conservative recruitment
34
Labour recruitment
53
Minor party recruitment
77
Who gets selected and why?
91
Supply and demand explanations
93
Comparative candidate recruitment
183
Does the social bias matter?
207
The values priorities and roles of MPs
209
The personal vote
226
Reforming recruitment
237
Details of the survey design and sample
249
Questionnaires
251
Notes
276

Gatekeeper attitudes
123
Candidate resources
143
Candidate motivation
166

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