Political Recruitment: Gender, Race and Class in the British Parliament
In this compelling book Pippa Norris and Joni Lovenduski provide the first full account of legislative recruitment in Britain for twenty-five years. Their central concern is how and why some politicians succeed in moving into the highest offices of state, while others fail. The book examines the relative dearth of women, black and working-class Members of Parliament, and whether the evident social bias in the British political Úlite matters for political representation. Legislative recruitment concerns the critical step from lower levels (activists, local counsellors) to a parliamentary career. The authors draw evidence from the first systematic surveys of parliamentary candidates, Members of Parliament and party selectors, as well as detailed personal interviews. The study explores how and why people become politicians, and the consequences for parties, legislatures and representative government.
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Puzzles in political recruitment
Who selects and how?
The structure of political recruitment
Minor party recruitment
Who gets selected and why?
Supply and demand explanations
Comparative candidate recruitment
Does the social bias matter?
The values priorities and roles of MPs
The personal vote
Details of the survey design and sample
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1992 general election activists Approved List backbench Britain British Political by-election campaign Candidate Selection cent Central Office challengers committee Comparative Conservative Central Office Conservative MPs Conservative party constituency service David Butler Democracy Dennis Kavanagh discrimination Electoral College electoral system ethnic minority factors formal gender grassroots Green groups important incumbents influence inheritors Interview Labour and Conservative Labour MPs Labour party legislative Liberal Democrats List Applicants London major parties Member of Parliament meritocratic national party nominations occupational parlia parliamentary candidates party lists party members party organisations party selectors Philip Norton Pippa Norris Plaid Cymru political career political elites political experience politicians priorities recruitment process reform regional representation representative role rules Scottish National Party seats selection meeting selection process shortlisting significant social background social bias suggests supply-side trade union union sponsored union sponsorship voters Westminster women candidates working-class
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