Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices
Longman, 2004 - 324 halaman
Features: *Solid foundation in the basics of validity and reliability, as well as all of the different forms of assessment *Concise, comprehensive treatment of all four skills includes classification of assessment techniques. *Thorough examination of standards-based assessment and standardized testing. * Practical examples illustrate principles. *End-of-chapter exercises and suggested additional readings provide opportunities for further exploration.
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What Is a Test?
Current Issues in Classroom Testing
For Your Further Reading
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ability achievement and/or answer appropriate ASSESSMENT TASKS assigned authenticity Chapter checklist classroom test cloze test communicative competence construct validation content validity context conversation correct course criteria criterion-referenced testing discourse discussion distractors educational Educational Testing Service effective elicit English English Language errors essay evaluation example face validity feedback fluency focus format genres grammatical guidelines holistic scoring IELTS interactive issues journals language aptitude language assessment language testing learners learning letter grades linguistic macroskills ment multiple-choice items narrative evaluations norm-referenced tests objectives offer oral interview oral production paragraph passage peer-assessment performance phonemes picture-cued portfolio potential practicality procedures proficiency test pronunciation purpose questions reliability response sample second language self-assessment sentence simple skills speaker specific standardized tests standards-based assessment strategies teacher teaching techniques test designers test-taker's Test-takers hear tion TOEFL topic types vocabulary washback writing written