Introducing English Semantics

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Psychology Press, 1998 - 332 halaman
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Introducing English Semantics is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the study of meaning.
Charles W. Kreidler presents the basic principles of this discipline. He explores how languages organize and express meanings through words, parts of words and sentences.
Introducing English Semantics:
* deals with relations of words to other words, and sentences to other sentences
* illustrates the importance of 'tone of voice' and 'body language' in face-to-face exchanges, and the role of context in any communication
* makes random comparisons of features in other languages
* explores the knowledge speakers of a language must have in common to enable them to communicate
* discusses the nature of language; the structure of discourse; the distinction between lexical and grammatical meaning
* examines such relations as synonymy, antonymy, and hyponymy; ambiguity; implication; factivity; aspect; and modality
Written in a clear, accessible style, Introducing English Semantics will be an essential text for any student following an introductory course in semantics. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, all technical terms are clearly defined in an accompanying glossary and active participation is encouraged through numerous exercises.
 

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The study of meaning
1
11 The systematic study of meaning
2
12 The nature of language
3
13 Language and the individual
5
14 Demonstrating semantic knowledge
8
Language in use
17
21 Pragmatics
18
22 Natural and conventional signs
19
84 Gerund clauses
163
85 Nonfactual clauses
164
86 Verbal nouns
165
87 Comparing types of clauses
167
88 Syntactic ambiguity
169
Speech acts
175
91 The form of sentences and the purpose of utterances
176
92 Analysis of speech acts
180

23 Linguistic signs
22
24 Utterance and sentence
26
25 Prosody
30
26 Nonverbal communication
35
The dimensions of meaning
41
31 Reference and denotation
42
32 Connotation
44
33 Sense relations
46
34 Lexical and grammatical meanings
49
35 Morphemes
51
36 Homonymy and polysemy
52
37 Lexical ambiguity
55
38 Sentence meaning
56
Semantic roles
61
41 Sentence and proposition
62
42 Semantic roles
66
421 Valency zero
68
422 Valency one
69
423 Valency two
73
43 Some changes in valency
78
Lexical relations
85
51 Lexical fields
87
52 Kinship
90
53 Hyponymy
92
54 Synonymy
96
55 Antonymy
100
56 Binary and nonbinary antonyms
101
57 A comparison of four relations
104
58 Converse antonyms
105
59 Symmetry and reciprocity
107
510 Expressions of quantity
110
Transition and transfer predicates
115
61 Transition
116
62 Transfer
121
Reference
129
71 Referents and referring expressions
131
72 Extension and intension
132
73 Some different kinds of referents
134
731 Unique and nonunique referents
135
733 Countable and noncountable referents
136
74 Different ways of referring
139
741 Generic and nongeneric reference
141
742 Specific and nonspecific reference
142
75 Deixis
144
76 Anaphora
145
77 Shifts in ways of referring
150
78 Referential ambiguity
151
Sentences as arguments
155
81 Full statement clauses
157
82 Question clauses
160
83 Infinitive clauses
161
93 Seven kinds of speech acts
183
932 Performative utterances
185
933 Verdictive utterances
187
934 Expressive utterances
188
935 Directive utterances
189
936 Commissive utterances
192
937 Four speech acts compared
194
Aspect
197
101 Generic and specific predications
199
102 Stative predicates and dynamic predicates
200
103 Durative and punctual
202
104 Telic and atelic
206
105 Ingressive continuative egressive aspect
209
1052 Predicates of possession
210
1053 Predicates of cognition
211
1054 Event predicates
212
1055 Nouns and adjectives as predicates
214
1056 Aspectual verbs
215
106 Prospective and retrospective
219
107 Some grammatical expressions of aspect
220
1072 The perfect or retrogressive
221
1073 The progressive
222
Factivity implication and modality
229
111 Factivity
230
112 Implicative predicates
233
113 Modality
239
A variety of predicates
251
121 Attitudinal predicates
252
122 Enabling and preventing
257
123 Perceptual predicates
260
The semantics of morphological relations
267
131 Formal processes of derivation
269
132 Semantic processes in derivation
270
133 Verbs formed from nouns
272
1332 Effective meanings
275
1333 Instrumental meanings
277
1334 Vehicular meanings instrument + transfer
278
134 Verbs from adjectives
280
135 Verbs from verbs
283
136 Adjectives derived from verbs
285
137 Adjectives derived from nouns
287
138 Adjectives derived from adjectives
289
1310 Nouns derived from adjectives
293
1311 Nouns derived from nouns
294
Glossary of technical terms
297
Bibliography
305
Index of lexemes
311
Index of names
326
Index of technical terms
328
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Tentang pengarang (1998)

Charles W. Kreidler is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University. His previous publications include The Pronunciation of English (1989) and Describing Spoken English (1997).

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