Emerging Democracy in Indonesia
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005 - 166 halaman
The authoritarian regime under Soeharto ended in May 1998 and was replaced by a democratic process as manifested in the 1999 election. In 2004, Indonesia had a second democratic election, which was also conducted in a peaceful and orderly manner. With 24 political parties, more than half a million polling stations and 150 million eligible voters, the Indonesian election in 2004 was probably one of the largest single-day electoral events in human history. Indeed, it is significant that Indonesia - the country with the world's largest number of Muslims - has taken major steps towards consolidation of democratic institutions. The notion of citizenry participation has begun to take root. This book discusses Indonesia's transition towards democracy through the parliamentary and presidential elections, including an analysis of party activity in the provinces, in 2004. The country still has some distance to travel along the road to democracy. But in the words of the new President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, What I promised the Indonesian voters was quite simple: to do my best to make Indonesia more democratic, more peaceful, more just, more prosperous. And I intend to keep that promise. (Singapore, 16 February 2005)
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2004 elections able Aceh Darussalam Amien Amien-Siswono August Bali Banten cabinet campaign cent Central Java Central Sulawesi Chapter Christians Coalition constituents declined democracy democratic discussion East Java East Nusa Tenggara emergence Figure five followed gained Golkar Gorontalo groups hand important increase indicating Indonesia Islamic parties issues Jakarta July Kalla Lampung largest leaders majority Maluku Megawati Megawati-Hasyim military million Minister Muslims Name nominated North Maluku North Sumatra Note obtained October officially Outer Islands pair Pancasila Papua parliament parliamentary election PDI-P People's percentage political parties polling popularity position president presidential candidate presidential elections provinces remaining respondents Riau Archipelago rising seats second round secured September shows Source South Sulawesi survey Table vice victory voters votes Wahid West Irian Jaya West Java West Kalimantan West Nusa West Sumatra Wiranto Wiranto-Wahid Yogyakarta Yudhoyono Yudhoyono-Kalla