Longman, 1 Jan 1980 - 208 halaman
In this important study, Carl James reviews the role that contrastive analysis can play in understanding and solving problems in second or foreign language learning and teaching. Using both psycholinguistic and linguistic analysis, he establishes a sound theoretical basis for CA before going on to illustrate its contribution to the study of linguistic universals, bilingualism, and language pedagogy. The book offers a range of examples to support its arguments, enabling readers to grasp the principles and then to pursue their own work in this area.
Contrastive Analysis presents a successful theoretical and practical case for the value of CA as a research tool, both for those studying applied linguistics and for teachers needing to adjust their teaching to the state of knowledge of their students.
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adjective allophonic applied linguistics approach bilingual called Chapter Chomsky claim clause communication comparison components concerned context contrastive analysis contrastivist copula deep structure difficulty discourse discourse analysis English and German English relative clauses equate errors example fact formal devices French function German grammar hyponyms hypothesis ibid identify identity interference interlingual involves John Krzeszowski L2 learners L2 learning Lado learners of English lexemes lexical items lexicology means microlinguistic morpheme native speakers notion noun object optional organised pairs Paradigm pedagogical phatic phonemes phonological Portuguese position predict problems pronouns psycholinguistic psychological question realisations refer relationship rheme rule Russian seems selected semantic sentences simplification Spanish specify speech act structuralist suggested surface structure synonymy syntactic target language task teaching tertium comparationis textual theoretical theory transfer transformations translation equivalence types universal utterances verb