Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia
Stanford University Press, 2001 - 594 halaman
This far-ranging volume offers both a broad overview of the role of the military in contemporary Asia and a close look at the state of civil-military relations in sixteen Asian countries. It provides in-depth discussion of civil-military relations in countries where the military still continues to dominate the political helm as well as others where, in varying degrees, the military is disengaging from politics. Conceptually, the study connects the explanation for the changing relationship of the military to the state to the processes associated with the construction of nation, state, and political system, as well as the development of state capacity, economic growth, and change in the international system.
The book argues that the key to understanding civil-military relations in Asia and elsewhere is the role of coercion, in state and nation building and in the exercise of political authority. As coercion in these processes increases or decreases, so does the political power and influence of the military. Civilian supremacy requires superior political, ideational, moral, and economic power translated into strong institutions that can regulate the military and limit its role in governance.
A key finding of the volume is that, overall, the political power and influence of the military in Asia, though still considerable in some countries, is on the decline. At present only Burma and Pakistan are under military rule, though the military is the central pillar of the totalitarian regime in North Korea. The number of Asian countries under civilian rule has increased dramatically. However, the relationship between the state and the soldier is not a settled issue, and in democratizing countries, civil-military relations is still a contested domain that is being redefined incrementally, often through struggle. The study concludes that, in the long term, the power of the military will continue to decline, and that the growing dominance of democratic civilian control in Asia is likely to endure.
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
Kami tak menemukan resensi di tempat biasanya.
An Analytical Framework
From Containment to Normalization
The New Militaries
Consolidating Democratic Civilian Control
The Remaining Challenges
TRANSITION TO DEMOCRATIC CIVILIAN CONTROL
A Congruence of Interests
From Revolutionary Heroes to Red Entrepreneurs
Institutionalized Military Intervention
Return to Praetorianism
Soldiers as State Builders
Key Developments Explanations
Edisi yang lain - Lihat semua
Aceh affairs appointed armed forces army Bangladesh budget bureaucratic Burma Central chief civil society civil-military relations civilian authority civilian control civilian government civilian supremacy coercion command Committee communist conflict consolidation constitution continued coup Defense Agency defense minister democracy democratic civilian control domestic East Timor economic elected elite ethnic faction human rights India Indonesia influence institutions internal security issues itary Japan Kim Il Sung Kim Jong Kim Jong Il Kim Young-sam leaders Legislative Yuan legitimacy LTTE martial law ment mili military intervention military officers military's Ministry National Defense national security North Korea operations organization Pakistan paramilitary party-military relations Philippines political domination political power political system president prime minister professional reform regime regional role rule security policymaking senior Singapore social South Sri Lanka staff structure Suharto Taiwan tary Tatmadaw Thailand threat tion units violence Wiranto
Halaman xxvii - A regime may be thought of as the formal and informal organization of the center of political power, and of its relations with the broader society. A regime determines who has access to political power, and how those who are in power deal with those who are not.