Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy: Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

Sampul Depan
Springer Science & Business Media, 4 Des 2003 - 580 halaman
1 Resensi

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy is a wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side it focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine. Important references are also brought up to date.

 

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1 Introduction
1
2 Atomic Structure
5
22 Alkali Atoms
7
23 Magnetic Effects
8
232 SpinOrbit Interaction
9
24 General ManyElectron Systems
10
25 The Influence of External Fields
17
251 Magnetic Fields
18
73 Radio Astronomy
222
Lasers
227
82 Coherence
230
83 Resonators and Mode Structure
231
84 FixedFrequency Lasers
236
842 FourLevel Lasers
238
843 Pulsed Gas Lasers
241
844 The HeNe Laser
243

252 Electric Fields
21
26 Hyperfine Structure
23
262 Electric Hyperfine Structure
25
27 The Influence of External Fields hfs
26
28 Isotopic Shifts
29
3 Molecular Structure
31
31 Electronic Levels
32
32 Rotational Energy
35
33 Vibrational Energy
36
34 Polyatomic Molecules
37
35 Clusters
39
36 Other Molecular Structures
40
4 Radiation and Scattering Processes
41
42 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions
51
421 Atoms
52
422 Molecules
55
43 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering
61
44 Raman Spectra
63
442 Rotational Raman Spectra
64
45 Mie Scattering
65
46 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena
66
47 Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes
69
48 CollisionInduced Processes
70
Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons
71
511 XRay Emission Spectroscopy
73
512 XRay Absorption Spectroscopy
79
513 XRay Imaging Applications
82
52 Photoelectron Spectroscopy
85
521 XPS Techniques and Results
87
522 Chemical Shifts
90
53 Auger Electron Spectroscopy
95
Optical Spectroscopy
97
611 Line Light Sources
98
612 Continuum Light Sources
106
613 Synchrotron Radiation
108
614 Natural Radiation Sources
113
62 Spectral Resolution Instruments
114
622 Grating Spectrometers
117
623 The Fabry Perot Interferometer
121
624 The Fourier Transform Spectrometer
126
63 Detectors
128
64 Optical Components and Materials
134
642 Absorption Filters
138
643 Polarizers
141
644 Optical Materials
143
645 Influence of the Transmission Medium
144
65 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis
148
651 The BeerLambert Law
149
652 Atomic AbsorptionEmission Spectrophotometry
151
653 Burners Flames Sample Preparation and Measurements
155
654 Modified Methods of Atomization
156
655 MultiElement Analysis
157
656 Molecular Spectrophotometry
158
657 Raman Spectroscopy
160
66 Optical Remote Sensing
162
661 Atmospheric Monitoring with Passive Techniques
164
662 Land and Water Measurements with Passive Techniques
171
67 Astrophysical Spectroscopy
176
RadioFrequency Spectroscopy
187
712 AtomicBeam Magnetic Resonance
189
713 Optical Pumping
197
714 Optical Double Resonance
200
715 LevelCrossing Spectroscopy
203
716 Resonance Methods for Liquids and Solids
209
72 Microwave Radiometry
218
845 Gaseous Ion Lasers
244
85 Tunable Lasers
246
852 ColourCentre Lasers
255
853 Tunable SolidState Lasers
256
854 Tunable CO2 Lasers
257
855 Semiconductor Lasers
259
86 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena
262
87 Ultrashort and UltrahighPower Laser Pulse Generation
276
872 Generation of Ultrahigh Power Pulses
282
Laser Spectroscopy
287
913 Excitation Methods
289
914 Detection Methods
290
915 Laser Wavelength Setting
292
92 DopplerLimited Techniques
294
923 Absorption Measurements on Excited States
297
925 TwoPhoton Absorption Measurements
299
926 OptoGalvanic Spectroscopy
301
927 SingleAtom and SingleMolecule Detection
304
and LevelCrossing Experiments with Laser Excitation
306
94 TimeResolved Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
311
941 Generation of Short Optical Pulses
312
943 Background to Lifetime Measurements
318
944 Survey of Methods of Measurement for Radiative Properties
319
945 QuantumBeat Spectroscopy
325
95 Ultrafast Spectroscopy
331
951 Ultrafast Measurement Techniques
332
952 Molecular Reaction Dynamics Femtochemistry
336
953 Coherent Control
338
96 HighPower Laser Experiments
339
961 Above Threshold lonization ATI
340
962 High Harmonic Generation
342
963 XRay Laser Pumping
347
964 Broadband XRay Generation
348
965 Relativistic Effects and Laser Accelerators
351
971 Spectroscopy on Collimated Atomic and Ionic Beams
352
972 Saturation Spectroscopy and Related Techniques
359
973 DopplerFree TwoPhoton Absorption
368
98 Cooling and Trapping of Ions and Atoms
374
982 Ion Traps
376
983 Basic Laser Cooling in Traps
377
984 Trapped Ion Spectroscopy
379
986 SubRecoil Cooling
382
987 Atom Optics
384
989 Ultracold Fermionic Gases
387
LaserSpectroscopic Applications
389
1012 LaserInduced Fluorescence and Related Techniques
392
1013 Raman Spectroscopy
398
1015 Velocity Measurements
403
102 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere
406
1021 Optical Heterodyne Detection
407
1022 LongPath Absorption Techniques
408
1023 Lidar Techniques
414
and Raman Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids
425
1031 Hydrospheric Remote Sensing
426
1032 Vegetation Monitoring
429
1033 Monitoring of Surface Layers
430
104 LaserInduced Chemical Processes
435
1042 Laser Isotope Separation
436
105 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine
441
1052 Photodynamic Tumour Therapy
443
1054 Scattering Spectroscopy and Tissue Transillumination
454
Questions and Exercises
461
References
473
Index
575
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Tentang pengarang (2003)

Sune Svanberg is a professor of physics and head of the Atomic Physics Division of the Lund Institute of Technology. He is also the director of the multi-disciplinary Lund Laser Centre at the Lund University. He has extensive research experience in radiofrequency, optical and laser spectroscopy, and in the use of lasers in combustion diagnostics, environmental monitoring, and medical diagnostics and treatment, and is thus in good position to cover the vast scope of the book. Sune Svanberg has coauthored almost 500 papers and trained a large number or undergraduates and graduates in basic and applied atomic and molecular spectroscopy. He served extensively in international organisations and scientific advisory committees. He is a member of five academies and holds three honorary doctor degrees.

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