Tsunami and its Hazards in the Indian and Pacific Oceans (Google eBuku)
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 Des 2007 - 390 halaman
Tsunamis like the Indian Ocean tsunami caused by the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake in 2004 or the Chilean earthquake in the Pacific Ocean in 1960 motivate international collaborations for the development of tsunami warning systems. Since 1960 the Tsunami Commission, established by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, has been holding a biannual International Tsunami Symposium (ITS). This volume contains 20 contributions of leading scientists mostly presented at the 22nd International Tsunami Symposium held in summer 2005 in Greece. Consolidated findings based on hydrophone records, seismometer readings, and tide gauges are presented. Reports of post-tsunami surveys and numerical simulations for tsunamis such as the 2004 Indian Ocean event, as well as geological studies of tsunamis in Japan, Central and North America are given. Probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis and tsunami warning systems, among others, are described as methods to predict tsunamis and mitigate their hazards.
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2004 Sumatra tsunami approximately bathymetry beach Cascadia Cascadia subduction zone coastal energy flux estimated event fault model frequency FUJIWARA Geological Geophys grains grid hazard curves historical tsunamis hydrophone Indian Ocean tsunami Indonesia Island Japan Japanese Lake Managua Lake Nicaragua located logic-tree magnitude maximum wave megathrust earthquake MTSU Nicaragua numerical model numerical simulation observed occurred OKAL oscillations Pacific Ocean Papua New Guinea parameters Port probability propagation Pure Appl recurrence intervals region run-up heights rupture Sagami Trough sand SATAKE scenario sea level sediments seismic moment shallow shown in Figure signal South spectral amplitude Sri Lanka stations subduction zone Sumatra Sumatra earthquake Sumatra-Andaman earthquake Thailand thin section tide gauge tide gauge records TITOV tsunameters tsunami arrival tsunami deposits tsunami hazard tsunami heights tsunami records tsunami source tsunami waves tsunamigenic Ucluelet Vanimo vertical volcano water depth wave arrival wave height wave-breaking West Coast